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A synthesis of Art and Architecture in Russia, 1915 1935
The exhibition Build the Revolution, Art and Architecture in Russia, 1915-1935 addresses one of the most outstanding periods in the history of architecture, ranging from the years before the October Revolution to the founding of the USSR. The artists and architects came together under the Bolshevik cause to create, through art and architecture, a new society based on the socialist ideas.
It was a period highlighted by the radical proposals of architects like Konstantin Melnikov and Moisei Ginsburg, and visual artists from the constructivist movement like Liubov Popova, Vladimir Tatlin, Kazimir Malevich, El Lissitzky and Gustav Klucis. The exhibition is divided in three parts:
The first part is form of documentary photos of Russian constructivist buildings of the 1920s and 1930s; all the photographs come from the Schusev Moscow State Museum of Architecture and are representative of the production of the most prominent Russian and Soviet architects of the Russian avant-garde. These buildings played a significant role in the history of architecture internationally and affected the work of many architects worldwide.
The second part of the exhibition consists of drawings, paintings and models from the Costakis Collection of State Museum of Contemporary Art from the period 1914-1932, emphasizing mainly on the 1920s. Some of these are purely architectural, but largely the works explore the boundaries between painting and architecture. With emphasis on the constructivist movement, the drawings display the artists’ urge to contribute essential ideas and solutions to the architects’ and mechanics’ work in terms of the use of materials as well as of the exploration of new forms and volumes, aiming ultimately at the creation of new aesthetics for the people of the new soviet society.
The third part of the exhibition comprises a selection of color photographs and in large format by photographer Richard Pare. Pare travelled for a decade through Russia and the ex Soviet Union and recorded with his camera the buildings that their creators had designed inspired by the ideology and aesthetics of the early years of the October Revolution.
The exhibition will be held at the CaixaForum Barcelona in Av. de Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia in the Montjuic Mountain, from February 2 to April 17, 2011. Photo: Shukhov Tower; Maxim Fedorov